Active Ageing: Cognitive and Social Aspect
Aging is defined as a period in which the decline of the capacity and the opportunities especially about the social, cognitive and psychologic functions overbalance the progress. The active aging is a procedure in which the aging individual improves and goes on with focusing on the strengths more than the losses and individual characteristics stand out. It is known that individuals do not feel themselves good, especially with concentration, memory, visual and auditory perceptions, administrative skills and language subjects through aging and in some people this cognitive impairment may present at the minimum level that we accept as successful/active cognitive aging but in some others it may progress to a dementia. Thus by active aging process it is aimed to live the added extra years of life expectancy at the maximum possible quality and to keep the cognitive decline at the minimum. The absence of disease and disabling conditions, maintaining physical and cognitive capacities, and the active involvement of seniors in society (keeping on the interpersonal relationships and social roles) are listed as the essential requirements for active aging. Attributes like engagement in social voluntary work, protection of present relations and roles, come together with the similiar age groups, feeling family members and friends understand and accept them, involve in trainings to get new knowledge and skills mean to promote and prevention of cognitive functions. So they are the characteristics that achive active cognitive aging.
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