Nurses’ attitudes towards evidence-based nursing and their knowledge levels to prevent infection associated with peripheral venous catheter
Aim: The study was conducted to determine the nurses’ attitudes towards evidence-based nursing and their level of knowledge to prevent infection associated with peripheral venous catheters.
Method: The research is of descriptive type. This research was conducted at a university hospital in the east of Turkey between dated July-August 2020. The population of the study was composed of all nurses working in the hospital. The sample consists of 193 nurses determined by power analysis. “Personal Information Form”, “Evidence‐Based Nursing Attitude Scale” and “Information Form for Preventing Peripheral Venous Catheter-Related Infection” were used to collect data. Descriptive statistics, independent sample t test, Mann Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis H tests were used in data analysis. Correlation analysis was conducted to determine the relationship between scale scores.
Results: In the study, it was determined that the total score average of the nurses in the Evidence‐Based Nursing Attitude Scale was 62.4 ± 9.6 and they have been found to have a high level of positive attitude towards evidence-based practice. The total score average of the information form for preventing infection associated with peri- pheral venous catheter was 3.88 ± 1.53 and the level of knowledge was low. In the study, it was determined that there was a quite weak and positive relationship between the Evidence‐Based Nursing Attitude Scale and nurses’ level of knowledge of peripheral venous catheter (r = .187, p <0.009). It was determined that there was a quite weak and positive correlation between the emotions sub-dimension and the level of knowledge of PVC (r = .230, p <0.05).
Conclusion: In the study, it was determined that nurses have a high level of positive attitude towards evidence-based practice, while their level of knowledge about preventing infection associated with peripheral venous catheter was found to be low.
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