Evaluation of The Attitudes of Physicians Towards Patients with Mental Disorders
Introductıon and Aim: Stigmatic attitudes and behaviors of physicians towards patients with mental disorders adversely affect the treatment processes and social lives of individuals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the attitudes of physicians working in a public hospital towards patients with mental disorders, to reveal the factors affecting this attitude and to analyze the changes according to departments.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on physicians and as a data collection tool, the Opinions Opinions Mental Illness Scale-OMI scale was used in addition to the introductory information form developed in the literature. Increasing scores in the assessment of the scale consisting of five sub-dimensions of protection, authoritarianism, mental he-alth ideology, social restrictiveness and interpersonal etiology mean that stigmatization has increased. Surveys were distributed and collected to 213 of 570 physicians from 20 different parts of the universe.
Results: A total of 213 people from 20 departments inclu-ding 9 surgeries, 10 internal and 1 basic medicine departments participated in this study. 51% of our participants were female (n = 109) and 49% were male (n = 104). Accordind to results of Opinions on Mental Patients and their Diseases Scale, there was a meaningful relationship in the field of mental health ideology when viewed by gender (p=0.015). No significant relationship was found when viewed by age. In the field of Protection and caregiving depertment of psichiatry(55), in the field of authoritarianism departments of general surgery (56), in the field of mental health ideology departments of neurosurgery (32), in social constraints department of neurosurgery (41), in the field of interpersonal etiology, chest diseases and psychiatry departments (31 and 28, respectively) was found to have the highest scores.
Conclusion: It was concluded that the physicians in the psychiatry department performed more stigmatization than the other physicians in general.
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